A very old temple was found in the middle east. It was built thousands of years before the Egyptian pyramids. Its history goes back even before civilizations such as mesopotamia, minoan and yeast. It was built while humanity was still living the stone age. But by whom and why?
Someone travels 12,000 years back in time to solve this mystery. To the times when the ice age is over, when man has not yet met pottery, writing and wheels.
Lost Civilization: Göbeklitepe
Man has evolved gradually over millions of years. He used to live by hunting and gathering food, but something extraordinary happened about 12,000 years ago. The evolutionary process of people has accelerated exponentially and in a relatively short period of time, we have passed from the stone age to the moon walks. So what accelerated development so much?
Dr. Jeff Rose, early human history expert, in the cultural universe in our mysterious one of the turning points of dedicated research and now astonishing archaeological work on the discovery and the cause of that huge step that has survived from the stone age and the question of how it discarded answer research in Turkey.
Dr. Jeff Rose: “Walking on the moon is not the biggest step a human being takes, but the real thing is that we have learned to cultivate the fields and produce our own food.” said.
According to the theory, agriculture allowed us to settle down, develop religious teachings and build temples. Small settlements created cities, and cities built strong civilizations. Since we no longer have to hunt or collect food for every meal, we had time to think, invent, and develop to the extent that left the stone age behind. That was the theory, at least until today, but discovered something extraordinary cultural evolution has opened a new page in our history yep Turkey.
Turkey, a former geography which forms a bridge between Europe and Asia. It forms part of the generation known as the fertile crescent and includes Egypt, Israel, Syria and Iraq. The first civilization of the world was established 5,000 years ago in this green belt, where human beings first settled, and this is the place that hosted this discovery, Göbeklitepe. Local people believe in the holiness of Göbeklitepe and they are not at all wrong.
Professor Klaus Schmidt, a famous German archaeologist in his field, discovered something very big under this hill in 1995 and has been digging in the area ever since. What the professor found under the hill was a series of gigantic stones and strange carvings embroidered on them.
Total Area of Göbeklitepe
Knowing that only a small part of the structure was brought to light, the professor chaired a study using underground radar to understand its true dimensions. This comprehensive research was carried out on an area of about 90,000 square meters, which is an area equivalent to almost 20 football fields. The radar sends radio waves that penetrate the ground, and they return when they hit an object deep inside. Thanks to the variables in the reflected signals, the image of the object under the ground appears. This is what made it possible for Professor Schmidt to make a realistic prediction about the total area of the region.
Schmidt and his team have been able to bring 4 huge circles of stone to light with great care and patience. Each circle consisted of high stone walls, separated by large T-shaped columns, and there were two 5.5-meter-high steep stones in the middle. No such structure has been encountered until today, for what purpose they were built.
What is the Secret of Göbeklitepe?
Professor Schmidt, considering that one has conducted comprehensive studies in other prehistoric stone age settlements in Turkey and is quite familiar with the structure of the buildings in Göbeklitepe but unlike any others. Perhaps the secret of their purpose of construction lies in stunning figures carved on stone pillars.
T-shaped columns provide provocative clues about the secret of Göbeklitepe. The signs on them show that they are not ordinary sewn stones. Hand and belt are embroidered on the columns in Göbeklitepe, this suggests that the columns represent people, but there is no face motif in the columns. “Maybe they are the first gods illustrated in human history,” says Professor Schmidt.
If there are figures of gods embroidered on a monumental building in the middle, many archaeologists attribute it to being a kind of temple. So Göbeklitepe is the oldest temple in the world and has a history of 11,500 years.